Underground water table is progressively going deeper and deeper. Large area of the land becomes affected by drought and wells, tube- wells, lakes, ponds etc. In Kumaon and Garhwal Himalaya the oak forests are maintaining general environment and villagers depend to a great extent for fodder, fuel and some other necessities on these forests.
But now oak forests are being destroyed to meet the ever increasing demands of the people. This has resulted marked changes in the environmental conditions. Consequently, the herbal vegetation and microbial community associated with oak are destroyed. This may lead to the loss of medicinal herbs and shrubs associated with oak.
The availability of fodder will be reduced and the age-old animal link in the hill ecosystem would be broken. At the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro , issue related to deforestation was a major concern. The sustainably extractable quantity of fuel wood from Indian forests is far below the requirement of the population. Livestock population in India is greater than can be sustainably supported by the available land and forest resources.
The demand for industrial wood and other wood, part of which is currently being met by imports, will continue to rise with industrial and economic growth. Unregulated and increased harvesting of non-wood forest produce will result in loss of biodiversity.
Expansion of protected area network will result in increasing pressures on the existing productive forests. Overgrazing in forests destroys newly regenerated growth. It also makes soil more compact and impervious.
Soil becomes less fertile due to destruction of organic matter. Seeds of certain species do not germinate in excessively grazed soils which results in reduction of species. Overgrazing also leads to desertification. Domesticated animals are thus deprived of their natural grazing and forage support.
Overgrazing also accelerates the soil erosion. Soil erosion results in the removal of minerals and nutrients from the top soil and adversely affects the soil structure which ultimately lowers the productivity. Satellite imagery data indicate that the area under pasture land is severely degraded. The uncontrolled and indiscriminate grazing in the forests lead to degradation of forest soil and affect natural regeneration of forests.
This is most common in North-Eastern India due to heavy water erosion shifting cultivation is locally called Jhum. Many farmers destroy the forest for agricultural and commercial purposes and when fertility of soil is exhausted due to repeated cropping, a new forest area is destroyed. Therefore, farmers should be advised to use the same land for cultivation and apply improved farming methods. It is estimated that every year about one million hectare land is degraded by shifting cultivation.
Maximum destruction of forest vegetation is done for fuel wood. Of the total fuel wood nearly 85 per cent is used in rural areas and 15 per cent in urban areas. The annual fire wood consumption was million tonnes in rural areas and 23 million tonnes in cities in According to an estimate of Forest Survey of India , the annual demand for fire wood in the country was million cubic metres. Thus fuel wood is a major factor for deforestation.
Frequent fires are the major cause of destruction of forests in India. Some fires are incidental while the majority of them are deliberate. According to a study conducted by the Forest Survey of India , on an average, Data further indicate that fire destroys about 0.
Timber and plywood industries are mainly responsible for the destruction of forest trees. Thus the increased demand for timber led to a rapid depletion of forest. According to Forest Survey of India , against an annual demand for more than 27 million cubic metres the permissible cut of timber from forests was only 12 million cubic metres.
Sometimes factories are established after destruction of forest. Thus for a small gain there is an irreparable loss. However, the effects of deforestation are faster than the deforestation itself. It is affecting the human lives to a great extent by forcing the negative changes to the environment and atmosphere. Deforestation is the removal of trees on a vast level for fulfilling all the requirements of the growing population.
Humans being are so selfish; they are doing deforestation by completely removing the forests without replanting. However, they do not know that unknowingly they are digging a big pit for their own. People are changing the forests into the land forms for getting more wood, fuel, harvesting, making farms, building home and cities to live comfortably. Deforestation results in many effects like loss of animal home, animals are dying, environment change, seasonal change, increasing temperature, rising environmental heat, global warming, increasing green house gas effect, melting ice caps and glaciers, increasing seas level, weakening ozone layer, hole in the ozone layer, sea animal dying, increasing risks of natural disaster like storm, cyclone, typhoon, flood, drought, and many more negative changes which are enough to last the existence of life on the earth.
Forests plays great role in balancing the human life and environmental cycle by regulating the water cycle, production of soil, providing habitat for animals, providing oxygen, utilizing harmful CO2, regulating environmental temperature, preventing soil erosion and many more.
By cutting the forests we are stopping all the positive activities done by forests in the favour of human and environment. Deforestation is the rapid loss of forests by cutting plants regularly without replanting. It is endangering the wildlife, human health and environment. Increasing human population, increasing crowd, increasing competition in the world force human being to cut the forests and establish well developed cities or farms or land for harvesting.
In such a competitive world, every nation want to overlap other developed and advanced countries to go ahead and make them powerful. People are in need to cut the forests to make houses, parks, multiplexes, industries, public infrastructure, paper production, fuel, etc.
Some greedy people are cutting forests for earning more money by selling woods and increasing the danger to the wildlife and human life. Wild animals are migrating and dying, original flora and fauna are lasting, environment is changing negatively and disturbing the human life.
Natural habitat of the most important animals is destroying because of this some are migrating to other areas or entering to the human areas or dying. We need to preserve trees by stopping the forest cutting or replanting the plants in order to save the animal sanctuary and maintaining the natural cycles of the environment to save the life here in future.
Preservation of forests is also necessary to get fresh and healthy oxygen as well as reducing the amount of carbon dioxide gas. Deforestation lead to increasing air pollution, increasing level of poisonous gases in the environment, increasing soil and water pollution, increasing environmental heat, and many more. All the negative effects of deforestation cause many health disorders and most importantly lungs and respiratory problems. Deforestation is the finishing of the forests by the human beings.
Increasing human population day by day is increasing the need for land on the earth for agricultural, industrial, residential, commercial, cities and other purposes which involves permanent forest removal. In the last century, our earth was covered with the forests everywhere however now-a-days only some counted forests exist. Deforestation is a big problem in India as well as other countries.
It is a global issue arising as the big environmental and social issue around the globe. Deforestation disturbs the human lives by causing several imbalances ecologically and environmentally. Deforestation is alarming continuously and indicating the need to stop cutting plants for the safety of human lives.
Some people are doing deforestation to fulfill their greediness of earning money from wood. People are cutting plants for their agricultural activities, logging to make papers, match-sticks, furniture, etc , urbanization road construction, housing, etc , desertification of land, mining oil and coal mining , fires to get heat , etc.
Deforestation is affecting the health of human being and fresh environment through climate imbalance, increasing global warming, soil erosion, floods, wildlife extinction, decreasing level fresh oxygen and increasing carbon dioxide gas and many more. Deforestation is very necessary stop in order to run the life as usual in better way.
There should be some strict rules and regulations by the government of the country which everyone must follow to check deforestation. There should be simple and easy ways to make common people aware about the causes and effects of deforestation. Population should be controlled to lessen the need of forests cutting. Whenever any plant is cut, there should be rules for replanting the plants in the place of old one.
Deforestation is the permanent destruction of the forests in order to enhance sources for life and use of woods. Cutting plant is not bad however cutting it permanently is bad.
Here is your Essay on Deforestation! Deforestation is the permanent devastation of native forests and woods. Deforestation happens in many ways: when trees are cut down to grow crops, for livestock, logging so wood can be used for building things like houses and furniture, for roads and neighborhoods, for firewood, and forest fires.
Deforestation Essay 5 ( words) Deforestation is the finishing of the forests by the human beings. Increasing human population day by day is increasing the need for land on the earth for agricultural, industrial, residential, commercial, cities and other purposes which involves permanent forest removal.
Deforestation essaysEarth without forests is a picture that most of humankind presently could not conceive. Forests cover much of the planet's land area. They are extremely important to humans and the natural world. However, deforestation has been consuming our forests. Deforestation brings abo. Keywords: effects of deforestation, causes of deforestation, solution to deforestation The word deforestation is used to describe the process of cutting down and burning the trees in forest and woodland and converting the land to other use.
Deforestation Essay Words | 5 Pages. October Detriment of Deforestation Image a planet without trees. This is a scary planet where the temperature is very hot and the air is very difficult to breathe. Deforestation is a serious concern in many countries, so the topic itself is popular for college essay assignments. Some sample impressive deforestation essay topics include the following: Commercial logging: an increasing demand for timber and pulp.