Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study. It comprises the theoretical analysis of the body of methods and principles associated with a branch of knowledge. Typically, it encompasses concepts such as paradigm , theoretical model, phases and quantitative or qualitative techniques. A methodology does not set out to provide solutions—it is therefore, not the same as a method.
Instead, a methodology offers the theoretical underpinning for understanding which method, set of methods, or [best practice]s can be applied to a specific case, for example, to calculate a specific result. The methodology is the general research strategy that outlines the way in which research is to be undertaken and, among other things, identifies the methods to be used in it.
These methods , described in the methodology, define the means or modes of data collection or, sometimes, how a specific result is to be calculated. When proper to a study of methodology, such processes constitute a constructive generic framework , and may therefore be broken down into sub-processes, combined, or their sequence changed. A paradigm is similar to a methodology in that it is also a constructive framework. In theoretical work, the development of paradigms satisfies most or all of the criteria for methodology.
Any description of a means of calculation of a specific result is always a description of a method and never a description of a methodology. It is thus important to avoid using methodology as a synonym for method or body of methods.
Doing this shifts it away from its true epistemological meaning and reduces it to being the procedure itself, or the set of tools, or the instruments that should have been its outcome. A methodology is the design process for carrying out research or the development of a procedure and is not in itself an instrument, or method, or procedure for doing things.
Methodology and method are not interchangeable. In recent years, however, there has been a tendency to use methodology as a "pretentious substitute for the word method ". Could you give some other example as well because I saw two questions which leave me more mixed up:. Hi Piu, spot on regarding the simple difference between methods and methodology. With regards to your two questions, the same principles apply. Why choose a particular reserch method? The answer should be because it is the most effective method to answer the research quetions and it is appropriate for the participants.
So you would need to give your reasons for choosing focus groups over one-to-one interviews. Question 2 merely asks you to expand your answer by elaborating on your methodologies. In other words, how and why you have designed the whole research project in a particualr way. So I am an undergrad nursing student trying to explain methodology used and compare 2 studies qualitative and quantitative. Would the methodologies be the theories and theorists that the researcher has used to choose the design and method of collecting their data?
Methodology — The process of fully interrogating the values and assumptions that influence the study. For more information about the values and assumptions that influence your research see http: Gabriel, this is very nicely described.
You are totally correct in your advice on the two being needing to be thought of and understood at the onset of a study. Fortunately, I saw that there was a need for me to understand it early enough during my previous doctoral program simply due to the fact that I kept seeing the two different words in various information.
It was then that I decided to look deeper to find out why one was always just called "methods" while the other was "methodology". Thank you for sharing this thoughtful and needed post. Can you help me with my undergrad thesis problem? Hi Nurtimhar, I am going to write a post today on writing literature reviews that should help you — so keep an eye out — or sign up to my RSS feed! Could you please help with the correct link to follow.
Hi Christy, here is the link: Thank you for your views of posting very interesting and important explanation on PhD as I am on the way to complete my PhD preliminary tentative research proposal. As you read you will find specific areas that interest you — for example, occupational health. You should narrow your reading to this area and look for the gaps in the literature. I am in the second year of my PhD and you just helped me understand the fundamental difference between methods and methodology.
I have been interchanging them for a while and confusing theoretical frameworks with methodology every now and then. You have a teaching gift. Thanks a million it has helped to a great extent. Research method refers to the specific mode of gathering data.
For example one method might be interviews. Research technique refers to the approach used for a specific method. For example, open-ended interviews is one technique that can be used when conducting interviews; semi-structured is another. So there is a distinct difference between method and technique. I need your help in determining the Methodology and Methods and as well I need to know how much I should write for the main topic and the research question?
These are best directed towards your supervisor or tutor. If your door is open to me I will like to develop a good relationship academically. Thanks a million, billion and trillion times for your patience to explain these terms Dr Deborah, I really appreciate your work.
Hello deborah, I am just getting used to the concept of methods, methodology, theoretical framework, literature review. I was really happy to have stumbled on your write-up plus the comments.
Unfortunately, none of the links in the comment section is working. Please mail me the active links for the above headings. Thank you very much Deborah, I really gained a lot from your explanation of the different between methods and methodology research.
Thank you very much Deborah. Your article and your replies to comments have been helpful. Can I just make sure I got it right? I could have used surveys method. Is this example correct? No doubt, you considered the options and decided that in-depth interviews would be the best method to explore graduate perceptions.
I would have used this method myself — sounds like a great study! HI Deborah, I am planning to conduct research.
Can you suggest what methods I could apply? Hi Muhyas, This could be done in a number of ways. To give you one suggestion, you could do a mixed methods study involving quantitative and qualitative methods.
You could begin with a quantitative method such as a questionnaire, finding out from the respondents what type of translation tools they use, how often etc. You could then interview some of the respondents qualitative method to ask in-depth, probing questions on their experience of using the translation tool and how effective it was for them.
The overall approach is inductive as you are looking for new understandings to emerge, as opposed to testing a hypothesis that presumes to know what responses participants will give. Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Reply Hi Rita, the most appropriate way to think about methods and methodology is in terms of the relationship and inter-connectedness between the two.
Reply Hi Deborah, my wife and I were organizing a workshop for some postgraduate students on method and methodology and I happened to come across your post, it was most helpful. Reply I think its an excellent writing. Reply Thank you for your explanation, Deborah. Reply Hi Tracey, when designing a research project one of the first tasks to be undertaken is to consider what theories underpin the phenomena that you plan to investigate.
This comment in particular has been very helpful for helping me structure my exegesis. Thank you Reply Succint and perfect. Reply You have helped. Reply Thank you Deborah. Reply Dear Deborah, Thanks, this article has clarified my thoughts around these two confusing terms. Reply Hi Jospeh, here is a PowerPoint to help you: Could you provide any book or any thing else to have deeper understanding. Could you please suggest any comment on that.
Reply Thanks so much it's helpfull Reply Thanks for your post…it has helped me though i still need more examples of methods and methodology Reply Thank you very much for your clear explanation on the difference between methods and methodology. Reply Thanks a lot.
Reply This is very helpful. Reply Hi Deborah, thanks this is very useful! Reply Hi Annisa, There is one methodology that is applied to the entire research project — not one for each research question. Reply Hi Deborah, Very beautiful site.. Could you give some other example as well because I saw two questions which leave me more mixed up:
Research approach can be divided into two groups: inductive and deductive. The relevance of hypotheses to the study is the main distinctive point between.
A research method is a systematic plan for conducting research. Sociologists draw on a variety of both qualitative and quantitative research methods, including experiments, survey research.
Difference Between Research Methods and Research Methodology - Research methods are the means of conducting a research. Research methodology is the science. The research methods are often confused with research methodology, which implies the scientific analysis of the research methods, so as to find a solution to the problem at wayfeycb.cf, it seems apt to clarify the differences between research method and research methodology at this juncture, have a look.
Methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective methods and approach to meet those objectives. Methodology is the first step in planning a research project, so it is not a question . 3 CHAPTER ONE The Selection of a Research Approach R esearch approaches are plans and the procedures for research that span the steps from broad assumptions to detailed methods of data collection, analysis, and interpretation.