The author analyzes both ethical and economical sides of the topic taking into account modern and potential tendencies. If you are used to solving all the problems by yourself, that is great. This habit is priceless for future leaders. Unfortunately, our talents are not always enough to satisfy our needs. That is the reason why you should develop your writing skills constantly.
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Transplantation of organs is one of such innovations that gave hope to millions of people. However, transplantation could be more effective, as currently, the rate of demand of organs is much higher than that of supply.
Various initiatives have been talked through to resolve the issue, leading to the idea of commercialization of organ transplants as the ultimate solution. Currently, human organs can only be donated and purchased for free by those in need. However, the idea of commercialization lies upon the assumption that humans will be more likely to provide organs if they were paid for it.
Therefore, more organs will be available and more lives would be saved. However, commercialization of organs for transplantation is a complex step that would lead to a variety of consequences, both saving more lives and reinforcing the inequality trends. Commercialization of organ transplantation is arguably among the most complex and indefinite issues than human civilization currently faces, combining debates from ethical, legal, economic, and medical fields.
Currently, in most countries, including the US, commercialization of body parts is prohibited, meaning that individuals have no legal right to buy or sell their own organs both when the individuals are alive or dead.
There are multiple state-level and international agreements that define the legal status of the human tissue, including the Human Tissue Act of , which directly prohibits any form of organ trade Hardcastle, Rohan John Such legal position of human tissue is explained through a variety of arguments. First, the definition of a human body as a subject of property is considered as objectivation of people and contradicts the modern judicial interpretation of a person Simmerling, Mary et al.
In other words, if our bodies are just about the same type of property as any other objects, then a human individual, being a combination of its organs, may also be considered as a property.
Such statements contradict the modern liberal and humanistic ideological perspective of human development, leaving without any attention the ideas of individual value not in a material, but rather in a spiritual way and freedom. These claims are backed up by most of the contemporary religions that, however, do not protest against the voluntary donation of the organs for transplantation Bruzzone, Patricio While there are some religious leaders and activists who claim the sacredness of human body should not be violated during life or after the death, Pope Benedict XVI, for example, openly supported the idea of free donation of the organs and said that he willed to do that after the death Bruzzone, Patricio Still, most of the religions are extremely opposed toward the idea of commercialization of human organs, claiming that selling or buying our bodies for profit is an immoral and sinful act.
From this point of view, our body parts should have the same status of property that any other objects that we own. Moreover, if we can have a right to own objects that are not part of our organism — thus, objects that are external in relation to us — we should definitely have the right to own and use our bodies the way we want to.
Especially such argumentation is powerful when taken into account the number of human lives that could be saved as a result of commercial transplantation because of the growth of selling initiatives. Arguments from both sides are strong and convincing, leading to moral dilemmas and an ongoing public debate in the variety of fields.
While currently, most countries prohibit any forms of commercial distribution of human tissue, the discussion is far from getting closed, only growing in its significance and practical implications. To understand the efficiency and dangers of commercialization of organ transplants, it seems important to review both positive and negative potential consequences of commercialization.
Humanity is still experiencing a significant lack of organ donors. The advances in surgical technology and financial affordability of the population to use organ transplantation have led to increases in both demands for the organs and the supply. However, the increase has not been balanced, as the demand has been growing far more intensively than the supply, leading to even more people who are waiting for a suitable organ for transplantation.
This disbalance is only growing, leading to the need for reforming the system of organ transplantation. While the process of changing the value system of the population, causing more people to donate their organs for transplantation needs seems an incredibly slow and complex set of work on multiple institutional levels, commercialization of this process might be the most significant and fast solution.
First, human organs would arguably have a high price, as for the consumers they would mean the ability to survive. Such feature would mean that for many people the motivation to sell their organs while being alive, as well as to agree for transplantation of their organs when their dead with their family receiving the money would rise significantly. In other words, for every individual in need for an organ, there would be an organ ready for transplantation.
Such high level of expectations, of course, does not include the issue of the financial ability of the recipients of transplantation to afford the operations. Still, it seems that thousands of lives only in the US could be saved, especially if the healthcare system would include the commercialized transplantation service and provide insurance for them. These operations are incredibly risky and have higher failure rates because of problems with the quality of the operations and the organs that are being bought.
Thus, it seems that there is a need for the international community to legalize the trade of organs while taking it under careful control, reassuring that every procedure is dealt with according to the law and medical requirements. The need for more human organs for transplantation is bigger than ever before and is still growing and commercialization is the only significant and quick way of saving thousands of people whose lives are at the stake.
At the same time, such measure is the instrument for many people to support themselves and their families financially, proposing their organs both when they are alive and when they are dead. If such policy would receive careful and thorough plan for regulation on the international level, numerous individuals would benefit.
Despite the optimism expressed above, there are multiple issues connected to other consequences of commercialization of organ transplantation. Of course, the potential of saving so many lives is quite astonishing, yet there is a need to consider the harm that the humanity will face as a result of such structural change. There were not enough deceased people whose organs matched with organ recipients.
On the contrary, favorable living donors are always more than one from family members. Most people were buried with healthy organs for cultural reasons. The quality of organs derived from deceased individuals was poor. Some organs had already began to decay and they had to be treated before being put forth for donation. Most dead people had been sick for a while and therefore their organs were affected. Organ transplantation was marked by a lot of failure.
Successes related with live organ donations……. Policies approving live organ donation. In , FDA approved cyclosporine an anti-rejection medication. People opposing live organ transplantation believe that;.
The practice leads to exploitation of women, the poor and could be discriminative. Pressure is mounted on mothers, sisters and wives to donate organs at the expense of their male siblings. This is considered to be unethical The Living Bank, People who cannot afford living organs do not get delayed services.
Live organ donation is proven medical practice that saves lives and reduces the chances of organ rejection. Donors have the will to choose who to give their organs to and therefore there are very little or no legal complications. All civil rights groups should first support organ live organ donation realizing its benefits then work with legal and medical practitioners to counter the negative social results of the practice. Ethical disputes in living donor kidney transplantation: Saudi Journal of Kidney Dispute Transplant , Living Donor Practices in the United States.
American Journal Transplant , The Living Donation Process. Government Information on Organ Donation and Transplantation: The Hidden Cost of Organ Sale.
American Journal of Transplantation , Organ Donation Essay Outline. Vanderbilt University Type of paper: This essay has been submitted by a student.
Organ donation research paper 1. Shayla HamptonEnglish Research PaperApril 8, The Gift of LifeElizabeth Jetton is a 13 month baby girl that is should be just learning to crawl and beginning to laugh, but because of a rare lung disease her parents have never heard her utter a sound.
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The Utilitarian Theory of Organ Donation - In this paper I will be using the normative theory of utilitarianism as the best defensible approach to increase organ donations. Utilitarianism is a theory that seeks to increase the greatest good for the greatest amount of people (Pense, 61). The utilitarian theory is the best approach because it. Dec 12, · Research Paper on Organ Donation Organ Donation Research Paper. In America, you have to sign the back of your driver's license if you wish to be an organ donor, and even then, most centers still require permission from a family member, which, believe it or not, may not be given. By allowing presumed consent, the gap between .
Frequently asked questions about organ donation. About Us Terms and Topics Organ Donor FAQs Site Map Search. Register with your state as an Organ Donor (OPTN white paper on bioethics—Financial Incentives for Organ Donation, June 30, ) Organ Transplants. This sample Organ Donation Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need help writing your assignment, please use our writing services READ MORE HERE.