Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another. In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them.
Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format. One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay.
Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement. This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction.
This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in.
Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same. Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible. Although it may seem like a waste of time — especially during exams where time is tight — it is almost always better to brainstorm a bit before beginning your essay.
This should enable you to find the best supporting ideas — rather than simply the first ones that come to mind — and position them in your essay accordingly. Your best supporting idea — the one that most strongly makes your case and, simultaneously, about which you have the most knowledge — should go first.
Even the best-written essays can fail because of ineffectively placed arguments. Sentences and vocabulary of varying complexity are one of the hallmarks of effective writing.
When you are writing, try to avoid using the same words and phrases over and over again. If you are asked about "money," you could try "wealth" or "riches.
In the end, though, remember that good writing does not happen by accident. Although we have endeavored to explain everything that goes into effective essay writing in as clear and concise a way as possible, it is much easier in theory than it is in practice.
As a result, we recommend that you practice writing sample essays on various topics. Even if they are not masterpieces at first, a bit of regular practice will soon change that — and make you better prepared when it comes to the real thing. Sign in to Your Account Done. Don't have an Account?
Want to see sample essays? Check out our Sample Essay section where you can see scholarship essays, admissions essays, and more! DO — Pay Attention to Your Introductory Paragraph Because this is the first paragraph of your essay it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible. DO — Tie Things Together The first sentence — the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective.
DO — Be Powerful The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in.
DO NOT — Copy the First Paragraph Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this: Introduction Paragraph An attention-grabbing "hook" A thesis statement A preview of the three subtopics you will discuss in the body paragraphs. First Body Paragraph Topic sentence which states the first subtopic and opens with a transition Supporting details or examples An explanation of how this example proves your thesis Second Body Paragraph Topic sentence which states the second subtopic and opens with a transition Supporting details or examples An explanation of how this example proves your thesis Third Body Paragraph Topic sentence which states the third subtopic and opens with a transition Supporting details or examples An explanation of how this example proves your thesis Concluding Paragraph Concluding Transition, Reverse "hook," and restatement of thesis.
Rephrasing main topic and subtopics. Global statement or call to action. By uniqueness, we mean ideas. Copying the text is strictly forbidden in any case. Please contact the writer if the ideas in the essay are not clear to you.
You might be asked about what you meant, so you have to be prepared for questions. If you have an opportunity to choose, try to avoid perfectionism as well. Writing an essay requires a number of steps to be made. Procrastination can grow into panick, and diminishes your chances of getting a good grade. That is why you have to know what you are to do and remember the strict sequence of your actions. Getting doesn't just mean writing it down.
It means understanding it completely. If you have any questions about the paper, ask them in class. You'll definitely have some time to write your essay, so reread the task several times after you are home. You'll have more chances to get the answers from you teacher if you do it right away. This is what professional writers do.
They make sure they get the technical task right before writing. Don't wait for motivation or, moreover, inspiration. This is a compulsory assignment! Do you think you will ever be inspired enough to complete it? If you like the topic, the desire to continue will come during the process for sure.
Waiting for a perfect moment to start working only wastes time. On the other hand, if you are the kind of person who can't live without procrastinating, you might put off the starting point slightly in your mind without realizing it. Imagine you have to start right now or that a deadline is nearer than it is in reality. Then, start writing the paper. It will be exactly on time, but these mind games will protect you from real procrastination.
Also note that several destructive patterns may not allow you to start writing on time. They are based on:. It sometimes happens that even the subject of your essay doesn't ring a bell to you. In this case, you know where to start. If you know what you are writing about or have chosen the topic yourself, you need to do some research. Writing a good essay requires facts, comparing different standpoints, arguing some ideas and supporting other ones. Preliminary research is vital for you to succeed.
Different kinds of essays require different kinds of research. Research papers, such as analytical and definition essays, demand sticking to the methodology. Narrative essays may or may not need research, but it is still really beneficial to your essay. An outline is a form of planning your writing. You divide the text into sections and try to summarize them before writing. You can even include some conclusions in your outline.
A lot of students really hate outlining their essays and get hopelessly stuck on this stage. After proper research, you'll have no difficulty with the outline, especially if you know how to organize your essay. The introduction-main body-conclusion structure is not sufficient to give you a hint about the content of an essay. The pattern should be a little more specific:.
This pattern is suitable for any essay. In your outline, you can rename the sections or leave them as they are. Complete each section with the main information you are going to write there.
And that is how your outline is done. Then, you just write your paper in agreement with your outline and take into consideration what you have found during your research. Often, proper preparation makes the process of writing a college essay easy and enjoyable. It is highly important not to get distracted while you are working.
There are plenty of tools that can help you stay focused. For example, you can set a timer for half an hour and concentrate on your writing for this period. After, take a five-minute break and then spend another half an hour working. You can take longer breaks every 3 or 4 intervals. It will motivate you greatly to continue. Additionally, you have to be prepared that you may find out that you don't find all the information you need.
In this case, you'll need to resume your research. As you can see, essay writing includes a lot of things. Proofreading is one of the most critical stages in the whole process. There are so many mistakes you can correct during proofreading! Some of them are simple typos; others are serious grammar and stylistic mistakes. You will see some yourself and correct others with a spell check tool. If you read out loud, you can also feel and estimate the rhythm of the text.
Read a custom paper more than once. First of all, if you order an essay from this writer for the first time, you can never be sure about its quality. Secondly, it will help you prepare for any questions from your teacher about your essay.
You can also check your essay with a grammar check program. Several main types of essay are considered the most widespread among college writing assignments: All of them have their own formats, which are in some ways similar.
At the same time, many details will differ. The objective of the different types essays are also very different. Some of them are written to present some information, others to explain some events and situations, and others to analyze and interpret the facts. There are essays created for ethical purposes, while others are focused on research.
Each of them has a specific structure and peculiarities which you are to know if you want your essay to be written right. In this type of essay you have to work on a particular idea, develop it, and build your text around it. It is considered to be one of the most complicated types of essays.
How to Write an Expository Essay The following steps will surely help you in writing this kind of an essay. First of all, make a thesis. The thesis of your work should be arguable. Be careful with the information you choose. It must provoke an argument from your readers. Plan your essay and consider all the steps thoroughly. A simple plan will structure your work and make the writing process as comfortable as possible. An expository essay should include an introduction, a conclusion, and three evidential paragraphs between them.
When you are looking for evidence, you should pay attention to the sources that you are going to use. They have to be carefully chosen and reliable. It is easier to build your work on information that is taken from sources which are familiar to you and the style of which is understandable to you personally.
All the info you use needs to be credible and reliable. For your expository essay , use examples and information taken from contemporary sources. Information has a tendency to change with time and to become more specific.
Keeping an eye on the rhythm of time is the definition of a good writer. Nobody wants to be given obsolete information. Here you can decide which part of your essay needs more time to work on.
This will help you control your assignment, which means that you won't miss any elements of your essay. Also, mind your word choice. Try to make your expository essay catchy. Your essay should win the reader over from the very beginning of your paper. Also, while writing your expository essay, remember why you are writing it. From the introduction to the conclusion, it should be thoughtful.
Plus, it should make your reader think about the ideas you want to elaborate through your paper. Writing a persuasive essay is a very important skill that will surely help you in your life. It is aimed at persuading a reader to take your side and to adopt a point of view similar to yours.
The topics of your paper should be direct. The reader needs to be guided to the point you wish to take him to. An example of a good paper is the one that leaves no reader unpersuaded. Persuasion is not an easy thing. Here are some tips that will show you the main ways of doing it. Stick to your point of view. Try to make your idea clear and understandable to your readers. Repeat your thesis several times for your readers to let them accept it on a subconscious level.
It is true that something said ten times is better memorized than something repeated only once. But it is also very important not to sound like a broken record. For this purpose, use various types of paraphrasing. It is better to operate information that is socially grounded to persuade people.
No one wishes to be told tales. Your essay should reveal the things that are relevant to your audience. No good work is done in a hurry. Think of every sentence you write. Keep the language of your paper clear and simple. If you decide to use a sophisticated way of presenting your ideas, it may puzzle your reader. All definitions should be very clear. Otherwise, your essay may bore your readers and this is not the best way to persuade.
The simpler your style is, the more chances you have to make your readers agree with your point of view. Be Ready for a Potential Discussion Think over all possible arguments against your point of view.
Try to avoid any weak points in your text. Give examples that prove your point. The more you are sure in what you write and the more you foresee possible ways of being criticized, the more successful your paper will be. The definition of this essay type is rather simple. This is a piece of writing that analyses a problem or presents an opinion that is based on a certain fact. There are a great number of subjects an analytical essay can be edicated to.
Among them are, a piece of literature, a historical event, a scientific fact, etc. To start, be aware of what you write about. Do your research on the subject of your essay, whether it is a piece of literature or an event. You have to summarize your opinion about the essay topics concisely. Then, present it as a statement. You should know what you try to prove. Your essay has to be full of examples proving your point.
Your point of view can be grounded on the facts present in your research, events of social life, scientific facts or references to the opinions of critics and scientists. Keep in mind that your analytical essay should contain talking points concerning the issue under your consideration.
Also, exclamatory and interrogative sentences should not be overused. Remember that there is a big difference between quoting and paraphrasing. A direct quotation presents a part of an original piece of text and should contain a reference to the original source in accordance with the format required. Paraphrasing or indirect quotation, on the other hand, allows summarizing the original text by extracting the main information. An indirect quotation requires a reference to the original source as well.
Do not overload your text with citations. Keep the introduction of your essay simple, and concentrate all the findings in the main part of your work. You should avoid slang words in the text and use appropriate expressions that suit your style.
While proofreading your essay, pay attention to grammar mistakes as well as slips in punctuation. Read your work aloud to find weak moments and stylistically disparate parts in it. Also, check the accuracy of dates, facts, and names that are presented in your essay. This is a type of essay that presents a relevant point of view and is aimed at convincing the reader.. A good argumentative essay is based on complete and careful examination of a topic. That is why you have to be well informed of the things you write about.
This is the only way to provide your reader with good examples of what you try to convey to them. Focus on the introduction of your paper. It is hard to draw the reader's attention further when you missed it from the very beginning. In the case that your paper contains some original research, make it clear to your reader from the start. Keep in mind the aim of your writing. This is the only way when your paper will produce the desired effect on the reader.
You are to have a clear image of what you want your reader to understand in the end. For your argumentative essay, try to choose topics that you are interested in.
This will help you consider different points of view. Think over the matter under your consideration and try to find possible flaws in it, which can be developed into a good argument. This is what makes this kind of essay more difficult than the others. You need to be an expert on the subject you have chosen, and your reader is the one who should be guided through it.
Leave space for contradiction within the course of your essay. You can even discuss your work with someone, who has either similar or opposite views. This will help you to see your future work from a different angle and generate new ideas. You can make your style catchy instead. This paper is one of the examples that has the strongest influence on the reader. It is a type of writing aimed at creating the effect of presence and deep involvement in the events described in it. For that reason, this kind of essay stands out among the others.
Its goal is not only to inform a reader about certain facts but to give a definite and clear image of the things described. Before writing, think what you are going to write about. The subject may be a person, an event, a certain place, or an experience. No matter what you choose, you are to have a clear understanding of the subject described. Be very attentive when choosing topics for your descriptive essay , as you are to involve the reader.
Of course, it is much easier to write about things you are familiar with. It will make the choice of words, style, and expressions easier for you.
It seems that the primary goal of an essay is to picture something, as this type of work is based mainly on the description. It is not completely so. There should still be an aim for writing your essay. This will help your reader to imagine things described in the essay the right way. Also, it will provide the reader with a correct attitude toward the subject of your text, i. If you do right, reading your work will resemble a journey into a world of your text. For this purpose, be careful with all the details of your description and mind their order.
Pay attention to every detail in your description. It can push your readers to build a precise image. With the right words, this image will make them feel what you want them to feel. This concerns smells, physical appearances, weather, colors, etc.
This type is considered to be quite difficult for students to write. The point is that in a definition essay you are to write about a single word. This means that this word is the subject you have to focus on while working on your paper.
The words you choose to write about as your topics are to be complex and abstract. The simpler the word you pick is, the more plain and shallow your paper will be. This will not produce any effect on your readers. Try to pick a word that can be discussed long enough, one that has different meanings, and that is well-known. Defining such words can be a difficult, but interesting process. The best option is to take a word that has its own meaning for every person.
In this case, you can get a rather diversified and strong response to your essay. It is an acknowledged fact that many words change their meaning with time. If you illustrate these changes in your essay, your work will be more academic and complex. Mind the structure of the word.
Some words can be a blend of two or more words. Think about each part of the word, and you will have more to write about. Do not skip the process of word formation while writing your essay.
This will help you to broaden the essence of your work. This will also make your reader understand what you want to convey to them.
Use as many examples of the word use as you can. It is really hard to get the essence of the word and its meaning without clear illustration of how it is used in speech. This way, your readers will get a clear picture of all the possible shades the chosen word can have. Dictionaries can help you to a certain extent, as they provide their users with different examples of usage. The best essays come out of well-thought-out topics. Nevertheless, do not underestimate the importance of dictionaries, as they can help you and push you to some interesting thoughts about your future essay.
This type of essay definition is the easiest one to understand. Narrative essays is one of the most popular types of assignment, especially at school. It is mainly based on telling a story, usually in chronological order. Our first tip is to try and choose a topic accurately. Consider what will be the plot of your story. Has it influenced your life? What conclusions do you want your audience to make after reading your essay?
Think about it and try to pick the story that will suit these requirements. Your essay should be interesting and contain events that are worth telling. You will surely make an outline before writing your narrative essay, but in the case of a narrative essay, writing a draft of your story is also very important.
Think of the beginning of the essay, the story itself, and the ending. Focus on the event that lies at the basis of your essay. Also, concentrate on the details that will get a good emotional response from the reader. Your readers should be captured by the narrative line of your story.
Try to include more detail that will catch their attention. There are no examples of a good story that without having protagonists and antagonists. This helps to create necessary tension in the storyline and makes it more entertaining. Consider the features of your characters and try to create the plot based on some kind of conflict or mystery.
These are the fundamental elements of real literary works. Decide who will be the narrator in your story.
Good essay writing technique means having a well-ordered essay. Make sure you plan your essay. Make a bullet point list, table, or spider diagram with the main components of your answer and clearly order them. Poor structure is one of the main reasons students get marked down in essays. Order your thoughts logically and stick to your essay plan.
Strategies for Essay Writing. The links below provide concise advice on some fundamental elements of academic writing. How to Read an Assignment Moving from Editing the Essay, Part 2 Tips on Grammar, Punctuation, and Style.
Top Tips on How to Write an Essay and How to Get Your Essay Done Students have probably been writing essays since the whole concept of education has existed. Essays have survived time without modern technology. Information on all Essay Types, Stages of Writing, Common Essay Subjects, all Academic Levels and Formatting Styles. Writing tips, common mistakes and problems in writing. Dozens of essay Samples and comprehensive Glossary.
Help your child write a persuasive essay in every grade and learn tips on persuasive writing. In this lesson, we will examine various types of narrative techniques in writing, as well as examples of the literary techniques relevant to style.