It is sometimes used to show improvement, but more often used to represent the increasing isolation of society and the cold, mechanical nature of the world. The last theme is the theme of structure and geometry. It is partially related to technology, in that it emphasizes functionality over decoration. This theme is displayed in the authors streamlining of description and embellishment, favoring instead shortened, functional definitions.
Along the same line with the themes of modernism are the styles used in modernist literature. Although there are many styles used in modernist literature, there are four many styles of writing that we will discuss. Firstly, the style of imagism was highly present. Imagism involves using precise, clear, and sharp language in writing, rather than over-embellishment and exaggeration.
Imagism called for a return to the directness of presentation and economy of language, as well as a willingness to experiment with non-traditional views. A distinct feature of imagism is its attempt to isolate a single image and reveal its essence. This focus on concisely describing a singularity, rather than a vast topic, is a definite stylistic change from the previous romantic and Victorian literary works. Secondly, modernist literature uses very symbolic language and content.
This is noticeable in the amount of metaphors used by modernist writers. In general, nothing is skin-deep in modernist writing. There is a deeper, symbolic meaning behind most characters, places, names, and other elements of the story. This was a very anti-idealist style of writing as it attempted to show life in its gritty particulars and humble realities.
Symbolism takes the literature away from realism, abstracting the ugly truth from any and all situations. Those who wrote with this style believed that there were some absolute truths that could not be written about directly, choosing instead to represent these things through metaphorical and suggestive writing. They endowed images and objects with symbolic meaning in order to point the reader in the direction of the truth without saying it straight-out. Symbolism brought with it a freer flow in the writing of poetry.
Modernist authors did not want to hinder themselves or their message by being confined to consistency of stanzas, rhyming, or any other traditionally accepted norms in poetry.
They chose instead to follow whatever form and flow that would best suit their particular pieces of literature, without paying any attention to specific rules or consistency.
Third on the list of styles used is vorticism. This was a style of writing that attempted to relate art to industrialization and machinery. It opposes sentimentality and promotes the mechanical and futuristic. Lastly, there is the style of expressionism. Expressionism was the tendency of modernist authors to present the world from a subjective perspective, distorting the view in order to evoke an emotional response. Although similar to symbolism, expressionism is different in that the author wished more to lead the reader to the specific personal emotions, moods, and ideas of the author instead of general feeling and emotion.
This style was brought about largely by the perceived dehumanization effect of industrialization and the growth of cities.
These are the styles and themes of modernism used by those who are considered the major writers of the modernist movement. This literary movement was mostly displayed in British literature. The most notable authors who wrote in the UK are T. Eliot was a poet who lived from He was born in St. Eliot had a distinguished career in literature, and even received the Nobel Prize in literature in James Joyce was born in and died in Born in Ireland, Joyce moved to continental Europe after university and stayed abroad for most of his life.
The last major author of the modernist movement was Virginia Woolf, who lived from She was born in London, and lived in England her whole life.
Woolf is considered one of the major writers of the modernist movement because of the content and style of her work. She wrote many essays and stories with feminist undertones, and had strong opinions on the liberation and education of women. She was a member of the Bloomsbury Group, an intellectual society of writers in England. Among the lesser known modernist writers is Ezra Pound, who lived from He was born in the US, but spent most of his life living abroad in different parts of Europe.
He was a friend to T. Eliot, and even helped him to translate and publish some works in England. Another lesser known writer is the author Gertrude Stein. She moved to Paris in the early s, where she stayed until her death in She was primarily a novelist and a poet. It is divided into 5 titled sections which all share a link to the common themes of death, disillusionment, barrenness, and rebirth displayed throughout the poem.
Eliot portrays a vivid picture of a very hopeless post-war life, with the evidence of death and desperation everywhere. He describes the horrible circumstances that man finds himself in, and is unable to escape from.
This all comes from the post World War I mentality and shock that existed in the time the poem was written. The mood of the poem is very gloomy, shown by the various gloomy scenes depicted as well as the constant search for answers by the persona. As well, the persona speaks with a very resigned tone, as if surrendering to the realities and problems of the world.
Although the poem has consistent themes, it is set in many different places of which there is no connection or consistency throughout the different sections. The settings vary from a fancy room, to a bridge in London, to the banks of the Thames River, even to an unnamed desert place.
Each setting serves the purpose of the section in which it is written, and paints a very good picture for the reader of the circumstances Eliot is writing about.
The first section, Burial of the Dead, talks of high hopes of the rebirth of the world after the war, but overshadows this with the futility of the new life and the hopelessness of the efforts. The second section, A Game of Chess, speaks about the perversion of humanity and the degrading social and moral values of society.
It starts out by describing a beautiful scene, but as soon as the characters are introduced we encounter sadness of all types.
The first character spoken of is Philomel, a woman who is a victim of rape. This illustrates the crisis of perversion of human sexuality. The second is Lil, a married woman who chooses to abort her sixth child.
This is demonstrating to the reader how societal values are changing for the worse. In the third section, The Fire Sermon, we are first given a description of a natural scene and environment. Contrary to romantic literature, which viewed nature as spiritual and beautiful, this description that Eliot writes gives us the impression that there is nothing pleasing or significant about this nature.
It depicts the barrenness of the post-war world, where there was a break from old ways of thinking. The fourth section, Death by Water, shows death as an unavoidable end for all. This observation shows a large amount of hopelessness and gives the idea that death will reach all, as well as the impression that after death people will not remember the dead for long.
The fifth and final section, What the Thunder Said, gives the reader a description of the expectations of humanity after the war, without giving a negative or positive opinion of them. This poem can be shown to have stylistic elements such as the use of metaphors, descriptive language, Biblical allusions, satire, and symbolism. The language used to write The Waste Land is very dense, and full of metaphorical reference, although sometimes very vague references. For example the third stanza in the first section speaks entirely about the clairvoyant, known as Madame Sosostris, and her deck of Tarot cards.
And again, the fourth section refers back to this same reference, using the Phoenician Sailor character once more as a metaphor. This essay will discuss how the author understand modernism by, explaining how modernism eventuated to the integration….
Poetry often involves nature in its description. Though inspiration as a poet truly derives from within, nature can act as a tool to enhance imagination and devices used in our poetry…. In any situation foreign to the character, anything and everything will be done to try to make sense of ones surroundings. Beginning with writers such as Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne, 19th century creations of short fiction showed a trend toward understanding….
Postmodern society is rich in choice, freedom and diversity, this has caused society to fragment and this has led to secularisation. Postmodernity has caused things such as globalisation. Modernism is a wide direction that means that a style of everything has been changed.
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How is it related to Modernism? And as it is known for anyone who is specialised in the field, it is divided into branches that consist of semantics which is the study of meaning at the level of words and concepts, at the second stage comes semiotics which means… Ezra Pound Poem. In Inisfree he is the searching,… Personal response. Traditionalism and Modernism in Poetic Form: Sonnet and Villanelle Sonnets and Pantoums are two of the most widely recognized poetic forms.
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Modern direction — what are the peculiarities? What makes people that many happy holidays? When are you happiest? What do you think leads to long-term happiness? Can a person learn to be happier in nowadays spread amount of Internet usage?
Modernism Essay Words | 5 Pages. The modernist period in British and Irish literature was one of the most important and exciting times in literary history. The term modernist stemmed from the beginning of the 20th century labelled the modern period.
Literature has kept changing as it adjusts with the modern world. The manner in which literature is being expressed today is different compared to the past when technology was not well developed. For instance in the field of art, it is believed that modernism began during the time of high and low art.
André Breton's most important contribution of the groundwork of the literature of modernism as it is shaping up today was his earlier adjustment to the new factors in a way to make literature and art and their need for determined absolute values viable in a relativist world. Modernism in Literature Introduction The horrors of World War I (), with its accompanying atrocities and senselessness became the catalyst for the Modernist movement in wayfeycb.cfist authors felt betrayed by the war, believing that the institutions in which they were taught had led the civilized world into bloody conflict.
To this end, modernist literature is marked by a blurred distinction between the internal and the external. The second major theme in modernism is the rejection of norms. At the very core of modernism is the defiance of society’s established standards and traditions. Modernism is marked by experimentation, particularly manipulation of form, and a strong and intentional break with tradition. Modernist literature has a tendency to lack traditional chronological narrative, break narrative frames or move from one level of narrative to another without any warning through the words of a number of different characters.