Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. Research Plan The plan should identify the target audience, and the timing of the use of the research methods and who will be responsible for carrying out the research.
Create a time plan Explain specifically what methods you are going to do. Justification of your methods. Sample Sampling - questioning a selection of respondents from the target market. Must identify a representative cross-section of customers. Sampling Units - People who are going to be sampled Sampling Frame - List of population by sampling units. Probability Sampling methods Selects members of the sample. The chance of being selected is on mathematical probability.
Random - Example lottery balls. List of people to sample Systematic Random - List of people - Select every 10th person. Stratified - Building a factor into your random sample - Sex Multi-Stage A number of stages in selecting a sample.
Selection of sampling You have to identify for each of your research topics who you are going to conduct you research on target audience and the sampling method you will use. Recap Creating your research plan that sets out the following: The research objectives that you want to focus on. The methods you will use to carry out the research. A justification of the chosen research methods explaining why you have rejected alternatives. Sampling Continued Cluster - dividing population into groups whose behaviour patterns are similar to the whole population.
Non- Probability sampling Quota - Divided into groups by age, sex, income level and so on. Told how many to interview. Judgement - Left to the judgement of the researcher. Convenience - Most convenient for sampling. Observation and Focus Group. In the mid eighties Norway had a requirement for more modern patrol aircraft.
Despite modifications the P-3B was technically obsolete as the Soviet navy had introduced some modern and very quiet submarines. This equipment was possibly used for operational evaluation during Soviet shipping patrols between Iceland and Norway.
These systems were twice as powerful as the communication systems which were in use in the P-3 for the last twenty years. They needed a completely different aerial system. Also the new paint used on the aircraft had a completely different electrical conductivity, resulting in several malfunctions of other equipment onboard. The first one was delivered to Jerez in Spain on 4 November , while the fifth and last aircraft departed for Spain on 6 September In March Norway's last P-3B received the same modifications.
In Norway was looking for an additional two P-3C airframes and talked about the purchase of two Pakistan Navy Orions for a while. These purchase plans were cancelled a little later.
The number of Orions was too small for a country like Spain, specially after one of the aircraft had crashed in These were transferred from Norway in for million pesetas. The five P-3B's were delivered to Jerez AB by Norwegian crews, where they were put in open storage for a short period.
A couple of months later squadron started to operate the Bravoes next to two of the original Alphas. In the Spanish ministry of defence expressed its interest in two additional P-3B airframes to replace both Alphas remaining in service.
However, the P-3A's are still in service albeit as logistic support and pilot trainer platforms. Although these aircraft are a derivative of the P-3C, they have several characteristics which are typical for the P-3B like the search light, wingtip mounted ESM and aerial outfit.
Early in April the aircraft departed for Iran. At least one of the P-3F's was modified to launch Harpoon missiles. This particular aircraft crashed and before the other five could have been equipped with the necessary Harpoon systems all relations between Iran and the USA were ended because of the revolution.
Iran is not even mentioned as a P-3 operator anymore in official Lockheed publications. Future plans foresaw the purchase of an additional twelve Orions but these had never been delivered. P-3F operations were limited due to the lack of spare parts and maintenance support. The Israeli intelligence service reported two operational P-3F Orions in which were noted over the Persian Gulf frequently. In two Orions were reported to be written off, two were stripped for spare parts and one was unserviceable.
Strangely enough the operational availability of the P-3F Orions improved in when at least two maybe three aircraft were noted in flying condition. In two P-3F Orions were observed flying at the same time. These operational improvements could have been the result of illegal deliveries of military hardware including P-3 spare parts from the USA to Iran, known as the "Iran-Contra scandal".
WP-3D Orion operations are ordered by the Dept. Of Commerce, other government agencies and universities. The aircraft have a specialized suite of equipment dedicated to their missions. The belly radome houses a C-band radar antenna, while the large tail boom contains an X-band side looking radar which is turning degrees.
A pitot tube on the left hand wing tip provides static measurements and a large boom on the side of the flight deck enables the crew to measure wind speed. A "sniffer" on top of the fuselage checks the oxygen level in the air. The Arcturus is a simple version of the Aurora, used for pilot training, logistic support and surface surveillance flights like coast guard duties and fishery patrols.
The Aurora fleet currently constitutes Canada's only airborne strategic surface sea and land surveillance capability and is a critical element of Canada's maritime combat team. Eighteen Aurora aircraft entered service in followed by three CPA Arcturus aircraft same airframe with a limited surveillance suite in The fleet is divided amongst both coasts. National Procurement initiatives are ongoing to extend the airframe life of both aircraft types.
It is expected that the life of the airframe, currently stated as , can be extended to through normal depot level maintenance activities. The modern avionics will address the disparity between the current mission suite and the contemporary requirement to conduct non-combat, peace support and combat operations in complex and potentially hostile environments. Interoperability with national and allied organizations will also be addressed. Aurora was the first one to be completed and it made its first flight on 6 May Between December and 19 June Canadian Auroras flew 4.
They started to use P-3A Orions for the test program. This company operated two Orions out of Saint Croix, where better weather conditions and deeper water created the excellent environment for test programs of new sonobuoys. In General Offshore took over responsibilities for the tests. Their two Orions were modified with a sonobuoy launching tube in the weapons bay. The standard P-3A launching tubes were also used during the test program.
Video cameras in the fuselage captured the launch of the buoys and all kind of data such as speed, height, temperature were collected and registered onboard of the Orions. Besides testing of newly produced buoys, General Offshore also sample checked buoys from USN stocks as well as prototypes of newly developed buoys. Mid it was decided that General Offshore was no longer allowed to make use of the Orions.
The company modified a Gulfstream 1 with P-3 launching equipment and monitoring systems. This ended the Orion era for General Offshore. The first three aircraft were manufactured and assembled by Lockheed at Burbank, CA. The next four aircraft were manufactured by Lockheed as so-called "knock-down" kits and assembled by Kawasaki Heavy Industries at Gifu in Japan.
All further Japanese Orions were completely built by Kawasaki. After completion of the training program these three Orions departed for Japan on 21 December The first flight of the first Orion assembled by Kawasaki took place in March A study for a replacement aircraft has already been started and forsees the purchase of a fleet of new MPA's from From the start of the RNLN P-3 program the Dutch crews gained recognition and respect for their outstanding results during international exercises.
The 13th and last Orion was delivered on 14 September Things went fast after the Orion was chosen as the most suitable platform for this mission. Two days later this aircraft conducted the RNLN's first overland reconnaissance mission. In May both the parliament and government had authorized the plans for a major update of the Orion fleet.
This would have guaranteed a continued and extended international cooperation on the subject of maritime patrol missions. On 28 April , a month before the first upgraded P-3C would return home, the worst scenario became true: Initially the Department of the Treasury borrowed the four aircraft from the Department of Defense. In the aircraft were taken over and civil registered. This aircraft is much more suited for the counter drug mission because of the huge radius of the search radar.
The Dome is capable of localising and identifying small aircraft from a distance of kms. Speedboats can be "handled" from a distance of kms, while the DC-4 a very popular plane amongst drug smugglers can be tracked from a distance of kms. When the crew of a Dome has a positive radar contact of a suspected aircraft or vehicle, the information is handed over to the crew of a Slick.
They continue to follow the target from a large distance. When the mission is successful, the presence of the helicopters should be the first indication for the smugglers that they will be arrested. The Domes and Slicks are very successful in the "hunter-killer" operations which is proved by the results between and All this was achieved in The current fleet exists of eight Domes and eight Slicks. Portuguese Air Force Prior to the arrival of the Orions in the Portuguese Air Force did not have any maritime patrol aircraft in its inventory.
Almost immediately these aircraft were taken in use for flight crew training. Lockheed instructors were responsible for the early training courses. In the meantime Lockheed at Burbank was modifying one of the P-3B Orions to a new standard to meet the Portuguese requirements.
It was not before March that the current Orion-squadron was established and the first so-called P-3P Orion arrived at the squadron in August Only one of the six aircraft was modified by Lockheed. Operational training of mission crews was supervised by Lockheed instructors and took one and a half year. In mid Esquadra reached the operational status with the P-3P: Portugal was back in the maritime patrol business. The Portuguese Air Force had the intention of performing a capabilities improvement program for its six P-3P aircraft, in addition to a 25 year extension program of the aircraft's service life.
Life Extension and Mission Systems Update. Structural improvements would have included replacement of the wings and stabilizers along the lines of the RNZAF "Kestrel" project.
A Letter of Intent was signed with The Netherlands on 17 September and a final agreement was signed on 21 February Part of the transaction was that Aero Union had to trade in a "historic" aircraft destined for military aviation museums for every Orion they received.
Aero Union was not allowed to pick the Orions themselves so they also received less suitable examples. These were being used as spare parts birds.
During the modification the Orions were stripped of all equipment including the airconditioning and cabin pressure systems to reduce weight. Modifications lasted four to six months per aircraft. The tanks with a capacity of gallons were designed, produced and installed by Aero Union itself.
They can be filled within 18 minutes. After the engine test program this particular Orion was modified to the Aerostar configuration and it was added to the fleet in the Summer of Early the first aircraft was taken out of storage and restored into flying condition by Western International Aviation Inc. The transaction was part of the Foreign Assistance Act which meant that Chile hardly had to pay anything for the Orions.
Delivery of the eight UP-3A Orions was the first US military equipment delivery to Chile since the re-introduction of democracy after the resignation of president Pinochet in All weapons systems were removed form the Orions and the aircraft were primarily meant for coastal patrol, maritime surveillance, search and rescue and counter drug operations.
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