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Understanding Research Methodology 5: Applied and Basic Research

applied research

❶It is often used to determine the safety and effectiveness of treatments, the natural history of disease, or the conditions that predispose to illness.

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That is, applied research uses the data directly for real world application. Basic research focuses on fundamental principles and testing theories. The history of science is replete with examples of basic research leading to real world applications. Just because a research study is not directed at specific set of circumstances does not mean that in the future the finding from that study will not be applied to a specific event or events.

When cell phones were first introduced, cognitive scientists began to worry about whether their use while driving could lead to increased numbers of automobile accidents. These predictions were derived from basic theories on limited attention capacities. Classical and operant condition principles were developed mostly from experimenting on non-human subjects.

Since the discovery of these principles, they have been applied to a wide array of human problems, such as teaching declarative knowledge, treating autistic children , treating overweight individuals, and treating phobias, just to name a few. Both applied and basic research are important to the scientific process. The research portion of the R and D effort will focus on uncovering what needs are not being met within a targeted market and use that information to begin formulating products or services that will be attractive and desirable.

This simplistic though systematized approach may also be applied to existing products as well, leading to the development of new and improved versions of currently popular offerings. Thus, applied research can open up new opportunities within an existing client base, as well as allow the cultivation of an entirely new sector of consumers. Non-profit organizations also can utilize the principles of applied research. Most of these types of organizations have a specific goal in mind.

This may be to attract more people to the organization, or to raise public awareness on a given issue, such as a disease. In this scenario, the research involves finding out what attracts people to a cause, and then developing strategies that will allow the non-profit entity to increase the public profile of the organization, and entice people to listen to what they have to say and offer.

Applied research can be very simplistic within a given application or it can become quite complicated. While the principle of this type of research is easily grasped, not every organization contains persons who are competent in the process of actually doing applied research.

Fortunately, there are a number of professionals who are able to step in and help any entity create a working model for this activity. In some cases, this may be the most productive approach, since an outsider often notices information that may be easily overlooked by those who are part of the organization. Whether implemented as an internal effort or outsourced to professionals who routinely engage in applied research, the result is often a higher public profile for the organization, and improved opportunities for meeting the goals of the entity.

Because applied research resides in the messy real world, strict research protocols may need to be relaxed. For example, it may be impossible to use a random sample.

Thus, transparency in the methodology is crucial. Implications for interpretation of results brought about by relaxing an otherwise strict canon of methodology should also be considered. Due to its practical focus, applied research information will be found in the literature associated with individual disciplines.

Engineering fields include thermodynamics , heat transfer , fluid mechanics , statics , dynamics , mechanics of materials , kinematics , electromagnetism , materials science , earth sciences , engineering physics. Medical sciences , for instance medical microbiology and clinical virology , are applied sciences that apply biology toward medical knowledge and inventions, but not necessarily medical technology, whose development is more specifically biomedicine or biomedical engineering.

The BASc tends to focus more on the application of the engineering sciences. In Australia and New Zealand this degree is awarded in various fields of study and is considered a highly specialized professional degree. In the United Kingdom's educational system , Applied Science refers to a suite of "vocational" science qualifications that run alongside "traditional" General Certificate of Secondary Education or A-Level Sciences.

These are an evolution of the GNVQ qualifications that were offered up to These courses regularly come under scrutiny and are due for review following the Wolf Report ; [8] however, their merits are argued elsewhere. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Applied research. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Game theory Decision theory. Information theory Systems theory Control theory.


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Basic research often informs applied research, and applied research often helps basic researchers refine their own theories. As you can see in the example above, the information learned from basic research often builds the basis on which applied research is formed.

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basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.

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Applied research is designed to solve practical problems of the modern world, rather than to acquire knowledge for knowledge's sake. One might say that the goal of the. Applied research examines a specific set of circumstances, and its ultimate goal is relating the results to a particular situation. That is, applied research uses the data directly for real world application.

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Also, the research conducted to solve specific problems or to answer specific questions. In accounting for research and development costs, the development costs may be carried forward but the basic and applied research costs are often written off as incurred. For instance, the last question requires that additional research be conducted, and this question is an applied research question. Again, the two types of research feed into one another; in this case, basic research fed the need for applied research. The second basic research example deals with the broad research topic of reaction speeds.