Europeans believed that the Tutsi looked the most identical to themselves than any other Rwandan, and they were placed closer to Europeans in the hierarchy.
They found it reasonable for the Tutsi to control the Hutu and the Twa; similar to how they thought it was reasonable for them to rule the Africans. The Europeans were not informed about how big of a contributor the Hutu were to the country of Rwanda, and only focused on the Tutsi to be the supreme rulers. From this point, the Belgians decided to give higher education and higher-ranked jobs to only Tutsis, but they had one problem.
How could they decide who was actually Tutsi? They used a general physical similarity to distinguish them, but it did not help to identify all. This was put into effect around the s.
Belgium continued to support the Tutsis until the s. Then, with the end of colonial rule approaching and pressure from the UN, the authorities began to let the Hutu become more involved in the public life. Hutus began to receive higher positions in the administration and get admitted into secondary schools. Although these changes were minor, they still frightened the Tutsis. The conservative Tutsi planned to have the Belgians gone before majority rule was in effect.
On the other hand, radical Hutus wanted to gain power of the political system before the Belgians withdrew. In , an exclusive party of Hutus and a royalist party of Tutsis both gained strength.
As the news of the incident spread, Hutu groups attacked Tutsi officials and the Tutsi responded with more violence.
Several hundred people were killed before the Belgian administration restored order. The Belgians then replaced about half the Tutsi local authorities by Hutu. With the help of many of these local administrators, the Parmehutu easily won the first elections in and In September l, some 80 percent of Rwandans voted to end the monarchy, thus confirming the proclamation of a republic the previous January by the Parmehutu-led government.
After Rwanda won its independence in , the Hutu began to take over and caused about , Tutsi to flee to Uganda and other places.
Five years later in , the RPF invaded Rwanda. To end this constant back and forth, France and the United States came about with a peace deal in called the Arusha Accords.
Hutu leaders agreed to the deal and it gave the RPF more power. In the novel Left to Tell by Immaculee Ilibagiza, she explains what announcements on the radio were like after the plane crash. He made the killings sound justified. They immediately began killing Tutsi politicians, leaders, and also innocent civilians. During the reign of attacks, 10 of the UN troops were captured, tortured, and murdered.
Who would help the Tutsis now? During the first days of the genocide in Kigali, individuals who opposed to the president were sought out and murdered. Instead of seeking out individuals, groups of Tutsis were brought out of their homes into public places such as schools and churches. Here, they would be killed in masses. Most women were raped and tortured, and even mutilated before they were actually murdered. The genocide itself occurred in a quick, planned fashion. On April 6, at 8: The Hutu presidential plane carrying President Habyarimana returning from Tanzania after signing the Peace Accord had been shot down by a missile.
Recent evidence suggests that the crash was caused by a land based missile from a Rwandan military base under the control of the Hutu government. Over the night of April 9, , French and Belgian paratroopers seized Kigali airport, independent of the United Nations. These troops commanded the airport and efficiently infiltrated the country to remove stranded Western citizens while leaving every single African behind. This proves that the Western world was able and willing to get into Rwanda, only to save its own citizens.
By April 10, Eastern Rwandan extremists implemented the second planned phase of killing, moving into the countryside. Young recruits of the interahamwe were told, across propagandist radio, that all Tutsis wanted power, would enslave the Hutu if they survived, and were invaders and spies of Rwanda. By April 21, two weeks after the start of the genocide, at least , Tutsis and Moderate Hutu were dead.
Rwandan rivers now flowed red with blood, and corpses floating down stream began to divert the flow of entire rivers in border countries. The United States promised only 50 armored cars, armored cars that took over 5 months to arrive and never made it past Uganda. This was the extent of American support. By mid-May, , Rwandans were dead. By July , after days, the genocide ended after Tutsi Rebels recaptured the country.
It is estimated that approximately , people died in the genocide. The West has presented many excuses for its inaction, but the true reasons remain in political apathy, economic disinterest, and African prejudice. The West will argue that the pre-genocides signs were not clear, and that the West had no way of knowing of the impending genocide. This argument is obviously flawed, as the signs pre-genocide were very, very clear.
It is impossible that the Western world did not see the recipe for mass ethnic extermination in Rwanda. Firstly, Anti-Tutsi hate was very clear. The Hutu extremists were orchestrating mass recruitment and training and arming the militia, while waving, guns in hand, to the Western press cameras.
Anti-Tutsi state-sponsored national propaganda appeared in schools, churches, and on the radio months before the genocide began. Hate propaganda and demonizing were used to poison public reason and opinion.
The Rwandan genocide was the systematic extermination of over eight hundred thousand Tutsi, an ethnic group in Rwanda, by the Hutu, another ethnic group in Rwanda. In this essay I will briefly describe the history of the conflict of the Hutu and Tutsi, the days of genocide in , and the affects of the massacre on the economy and the people of Rwanda.
The Rwandan Genocide killings started the day after the Hutu president was shot down out of an airplane and was killed on April 6, There was an outbreak between the ethnic groups of Rwanda. Rwanda’s population consisted of seven million people and was composed of three ethnic groups.
The Rwandan genocide resulted in over , deaths of the Tutsi people, at the hands of the Hutu; the genocide, and the international response to it, is a lesson about the humanitarian responsibilities, successes, and shortcomings of the United Nations. days into the genocide, the RPF advanced and captured the capital city of Kigali and declared to cease fire. When it became obvious that the RPF had won an estimated Hutus fled Rwanda. Back in Rwanda, UN troops were sent to help maintain order and restore basic needs.
History Essay on Rwanda Genocide – Published on by College Writer Genocide by definition is the systematic and intentional destruction of cultural, racial, or political group. The Rwandan Genocide revealed the governments of the world's ignorance and apathy, as well as their continuing selfishness and refusal to take blame. The killings were an attempt by a radical splinter, the Hutu Power, of the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, to eliminate a small minority, the Tutsis.